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Gastric smooth muscle contractility changes in the esophageal atresia rat model: an in vitro study

      Abstract

      Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the gastric smooth muscle reactivity in the Adriamycin-induced esophageal atresia (EA) rat model.
      Methods: The fetuses were divided into 3 groups. The control group was exposed to saline. The second group was comprised of fetuses that were exposed to Adriamycin but did not have EA (Adriamycin-no-EA group). The third group was comprised of fetuses that were exposed to Adriamycin and had EA (Adriamycin-EA group). Gastric fundus strips were studied in vitro for their contractile response to receptor activation in the 3 groups.
      Results: Contractile responses of gastric smooth muscle to carbachol and KCl were increased in the Adriamycin-EA group compared with the Adriamycin-no-EA group. Also serotonin-induced contractile response in the Adriamycin-EA group decreased compared with the Adriamycin-no-EA group. Relaxation of gastric smooth muscle strips to isoproterenol was comparably unaffected in the Adriamycin-EA and Adriamycin-no-EA groups. Likewise, no change in the response to agonist studies was observed between the control and Adriamycin-no-EA groups. The relaxant response to papaverine was not different in the 3 groups.
      Conclusions: This study found changes of receptor-dependent and receptor-independent contraction of the gastric fundus smooth muscle in the fetuses with EA. Therefore, impaired contractile responses may be, at least in part, a contributing factor in the abnormal gastric motility seen in EA.

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