Congenital laryngeal atresia associated with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula: a case of long-term survival


      Congenital laryngeal atresia (LA) is a life-threatening anomaly in which appropriate perinatal management is essential for survival. The authors report a neonate with LA associated with esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) who was successfully resuscitated by emergent tracheostomy. Before birth, the patient had a diagnosis of EA based on the findings of polyhydramnios and absent stomach bubble. Immediately after birth, severe respiratory distress, cyanosis, and sternal retraction were evident. Because either endotracheal or esophageal intubation was unsuccessful, an emergent tracheostomy was performed. A direct laryngoscope revealed a subglottic atresia with normal appearance of the vocal cords. Repair of EA with TEF was performed on the third day of life, and the postoperative course was uneventful. In 2 years follow-up, the patient has no mental retardation nor central nervous impairment. Because of the presence of TEF, the antenatal ultrasonogram did not demonstrate the characteristic findings of the congenital high airway obstruction syndrome. This case represents one of the very few reported cases of successful resuscitation of a neonate with an unanticipated LA in which emergent airway management is required immediately after birth.

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