Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children but rarely involves the adrenal. We describe a case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) of the right adrenal in a 5-year-old boy with a characteristic history of hypertension and recurrent fever. On surveillance imaging, a right adrenal mass was incidentally detected, and a right adrenalectomy was subsequently performed. After the surgery, the fever disappeared simultaneously, and the blood pressure gradually returned to normal level. This is the first reported case in children.
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Accepted: January 7, 2013
Received in revised form: December 23, 2012
Received: August 11, 2012
☆Supported by: the Freedom Exploration Program of Central South University (No. 2011QNZT153).
© 2013 Elsevier Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.