The choice of Esophageal replacement (ER) depends on surgeons’ preference and patients’ anatomical condition. A cross-sectional study was done to compare the long-term outcomes of two methods of ER, Gastric transposition (GT) and Colonic interposition (CI).
Children who had undergone ER from January 1997 to December 2017 with a minimum of two-year post-ER follow-up were evaluated by anthropometry, hepatobiliary scintigraphy, gastroesophageal reflux study, gastric emptying test, pulmonary function test and blood tests.
Twenty-six (Male:female=17:9) children were recruited. The median age at ER was 13 months (interquartile range 9–40 months) and mean follow-up post-ER was 116.7 ± 76.4 months (range 24–247 months). GT:CI was done in 15(57.7%):11(42.3%) cases. A greater number of abnormal oral contrast studies (p = 0.02) and re-operations (p = 0.05) were documented as baseline characteristics with CI group. The presence of gastroesophageal reflux 9/23(39.1%), duodenogastric reflux 6/24(25%), delayed gastric emptying 6/25(24%), abnormal pulmonary function test 14/22(63.6%) were documented during the study period. However, there was no significant(p>0.05) difference in nutritional, developmental and functional outcomes of both operative methods of ER in the study.
Assessment of nutritional, developmental and functional parameters in children after ER reveals good long-term results. There was no significant difference in CI and GT.
Level of evidence
Comparative study; II
Abbreviations:EA (Congenital Esophageal atresia), ER (Esophageal replacement), CI (Colonic Interposition), CIN (Corrosive injury), DGR (Duodenogastric reflux), GER (Gastroesophageal reflux), GET (Gastric emptying time), GT (Gastric Transposition)
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Published online: May 10, 2022
Accepted: May 5, 2022
Received in revised form: May 5, 2022
Received: August 23, 2021
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