- •We found no significant association between the severity of ARM and the severity of hypospadias.
- •Most of the patients having proximal hypospadias belonged to the“simple” ARM group.
- •Frequency of vesicoureteric reflux, hydronephrosis, atrophic kidney, and at least one urological abnormality was significantly higher in ARM patients having hypospadias.
Material and Methods
Level of Evidence
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