- •Penetrating CVT comprises about 30% of all CVT seen in trauma centers and a little more than 2/3rds of all penetrating CVT are owing to firearm injuries.
- •While open procedures are used in a majority of penetrating CVT (85%), endovascular interventions are necessary in more than 60% of blunt CVT and more than 80% of Intracranial CVT.
- •Stroke rates after CVT are around 3%.
- •There are significant demographic differences between bunt and penetrating CVT. Penetrating CVT was seen predominantly in older, African-American (Nearly 50%), and male patients and carried a higher emergency room mortality. Blunt CVT was seen preponderantly in Caucasian patients with private insurance.
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This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.