Highlights of Paper
- •What is currently known about this topic?
- 2.What new information is contained within this article?
List of AbbreviationsCASP
Declarations of Interest
- •The development of an mHealth intervention, allowing for collaboration of care between patient/caregiver and members of the clinical team.
- •The process of co-design for the development of the mHealth intervention, and/or its benefits and limitations
- •The involvement of patients undergoing care, their caregivers or parents, or members of their clinical team in the process of co-design.
mHealth Intervention Characteristics
Frameworks Used to Inform the Process of Co-Design
|Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for developing and evaluating complex interventions (Skivington et al., (2021))||Consists of four phases: 1) development or identification of the intervention, 2) feasibility, 3) evaluation and 4) implementation. A list of core elements (considering context, developing and refining programme theory, engaging stakeholders, identifying key uncertainties, refining the intervention and economic considerations) require consideration at each of the phases, prior to moving onto the next.||Miller et al. (2020)|
Strand et al. (2021)
Song et al. (2021)
Harding et al. (2021)
|Participatory design (PD) method (Clemensen et al., (2016))||Nielsen et al. present PD as consisting of three phases: 1) Identification of needs, 2) Design and Development and 3) Testing and evaluation in clinical practice. PD is iterative, and depends on reflection of previous phases. Jakobsen et al. present PD as consisting of four ongoing and parallel activities: literature search, design and development, user activities and field studies.||Nielsen et al. (2020)|
Ravn Jakobsen et al. (2018)
|Design Council’s Double Diamond Model|
28. Framework for Innovation: Design Council's evolved Double Diamond [
|This model consists of four phases: 1) Discover, 2) Define, 3) Develop and 4) Deliver. The double diamond depicts the design process to consist of divergent thinking, in order to generate more ideas, followed by convergent thinking, to synthesize the ideas that were generated. The first diamond corresponds to exploring and defining the problem or challenge that is being tackled, and the second relates to exploring and refining a solution. The design process described by the Double Diamond Model is iterative and encourages collaboration.||Miller et al. (2020)|
|Hevner’s Design Science Research Cycles (Hevner, (2007))||Consist of three cycles: 1) design, 2) relevance (consisting of context-specific inputs from the environment), and 3) rigor (incorporating theories and methods from existing knowledge base). Relevance and rigor cycle results are then incorporated into and refined iteratively in the design cycle.||Woods et al. (2019)|
|Stanford University’s Design Thinking Process of Innovation||A 5-stage process, consisting of 1) empathizing with stakeholders, 2) defining healthcare challenges, 3) ideating possible solutions, 4) creating a rapid prototype and 5) testing with end-users.||Woods et al. (2019)|
Steps and Methods of Co-Design
mHealth Intervention Outcomes
The Rise of Co-Design in mHealth
Reporting Guidelines and Systematic Evaluation of Co-Design Studies
Addressing the Digital Divide
Sparsity of Pediatric Interventions
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Framework for Innovation: Design Council's evolved Double Diamond.
Publication stageIn Press Accepted Manuscript
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