- Long-term pulmonary outcomes of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have demonstrated airflow obstruction in later childhood. We examined pulmonary function data to assess what factors predict lung function in the first three years of life in children with CDH.
- We determined the incidence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL; >20 dB at any frequency) in a contemporary cohort of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors at a single tertiary care center and identified potential risk factors for SNHL.
- The retinol signaling pathway is disrupted in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Since there is no fetal retinol synthesis, maternal retinol has to cross the placenta. Nitrofen interferes with the retinol-binding protein (RBP) transfer pathway in CDH. However, in RBP knockout mice, retinol has been shown to be present. In this model, increased uptake of maternal dietary retinyl ester (RE) bounded in low-dense-lipoprotein (LDL) through low-density-lipoprotein-receptor 1 (LRP1) and increased activity of RE hydrolysis by lipoprotein-lipase (LPL) have been found.
- Prenatal administration of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been shown to stimulate alveolarization in nitrofen-induced pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Lipid-containing interstitial lipofibroblasts (LIFs), characterized by adipocyte differentiation-related protein (ADRP), play a critical role in alveolar development by coordinating lipid homeostasis. Previous studies have demonstrated that ATRA positively affects LIF expression in developing lungs.
- Recent experimental work suggests the therapeutic role of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) during lung morphogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential paracrine effects of amniotic fluid-derived MSCs (AF-MSCs) on fetal lung growth in a nitrofen explant model.
- Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is attributed to severe pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH is characterized by structural changes resulting in vascular remodeling. Serotonin, a potent vasoconstrictor, plays a central role in the development of PH. It exerts its constricting effects on the vessels via Serotonin receptor 2A (5-HT2A) and induces pulmonary smooth muscle cell proliferation via the serotonin transporter (5-HTT). This study was designed to investigate expressions of 5-HT2A and 5-HTT in the pulmonary vasculature of rats with nitrofen-induced CDH.
- The reported incidence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in long-term survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia varies widely in the literature. Conductive hearing loss (CHL) is also known to occur in CDH patients, but has been less widely studied. We sought to characterize the incidence and risk factors associated with SNHL and CHL in a large cohort of CDH patients who underwent standardized treatment and follow-up at a single institution.