- The retinol signaling pathway is disrupted in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Since there is no fetal retinol synthesis, maternal retinol has to cross the placenta. Nitrofen interferes with the retinol-binding protein (RBP) transfer pathway in CDH. However, in RBP knockout mice, retinol has been shown to be present. In this model, increased uptake of maternal dietary retinyl ester (RE) bounded in low-dense-lipoprotein (LDL) through low-density-lipoprotein-receptor 1 (LRP1) and increased activity of RE hydrolysis by lipoprotein-lipase (LPL) have been found.
- Recent experimental work suggests the therapeutic role of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) during lung morphogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential paracrine effects of amniotic fluid-derived MSCs (AF-MSCs) on fetal lung growth in a nitrofen explant model.
- Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is attributed to severe pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH is characterized by structural changes resulting in vascular remodeling. Serotonin, a potent vasoconstrictor, plays a central role in the development of PH. It exerts its constricting effects on the vessels via Serotonin receptor 2A (5-HT2A) and induces pulmonary smooth muscle cell proliferation via the serotonin transporter (5-HTT). This study was designed to investigate expressions of 5-HT2A and 5-HTT in the pulmonary vasculature of rats with nitrofen-induced CDH.