Generalized lymphatic malformation with chylothorax: Long-term management of a highly morbid condition in a pediatric patientGeneralized lymphatic malformation (GLM) often causes chylothorax, which can be a highly morbid condition. Chylothorax in a pediatric patient with a lymphangiogenic disorder may be especially resistant to therapy, requiring more aggressive measures. We discuss the complex ongoing long-term management of a pediatric patient with GLM who presented with massive, persistent left chylothorax, which resolved by surgical ligation of the thoracic duct and medical management.
Lung torsion after tracheoesophageal fistula repair: a case report and review of literatureLung torsion is a very rare event that has been described after trauma, spontaneously, and post–thoracic surgery, with only 8 cases reported in the pediatric literature. We present the first case report of lung torsion complicating tracheoesophageal fistula repair. The diagnosis was suggested on chest ultrasonogram and Doppler and confirmed by computed tomographic scans. On exploration, a 90° rotation of the right middle and lower lobes in a clockwise direction was found. A complete interlobar fissure and an absent inferior pulmonary ligament were identified as predisposing factors.