Disorders of interstitial cells of Cajal in a neonate with segmental dilatation of the intestineLocalized myopathy of the muscular layers may be an important factor contributing to segmental dilatation of the intestine (SDI). Only one report has described SDI of the jejunum in a neonate showing no abnormality of the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). The present report describes the very rare case of a neonatal girl with segmental dilatation of the distal duodenum and proximal jejunum with irregular arrangements of Auerbach's plexus and ICC and the successful surgical treatment of SDI. We review the literature on this type of relationship between abnormality of ICC and SDI and discuss the clinical features of this complication.
Pediatric alveolar echinococcosis invading the diaphragm and spreading to the chest and abdominal wallHepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is an endemic disease in certain parts of the world and relatively rare in children. This report describes a 9-year-old girl with hepatic AE invading the diaphragm and directly spreading to the chest and abdominal wall. She was treated by surgical extirpation and albendazole therapy. In advanced hepatic AE, combined therapy of surgical and medical intervention is thought to improve the prognosis.
Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver: usefulness of superparamagnetic iron oxide–enhanced magnetic resonance imagingThis report describes the use of superparamagnetic iron oxide–enchanced magnetic resonance imaging to diagnose fibronodular hyperplasia of the liver in a 12-year-old girl.