- The Nuss procedure is the most widely used surgical procedure to correct pectus excavatum. Although it is a minimally invasive approach, a number of major early complications, such as heart perforation, have been reported. We describe a 15-year-old boy in whom acute occlusion of the inferior vena cava developed after a Nuss repair. The diagnosis was confirmed by emergency postoperative CT examination, and treatment consisted of immediate removal of the Nuss bar.
- Spinal anesthesia (SA) is becoming increasingly popular among pediatric anesthetists. Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) has been reported in children. PDPH generally spontaneously resolves within a few days with bed rest and nonopioid analgesics, but it may last for several days. If the symptoms persist, an epidural blood patch is considered as an effective treatment. We describe the successful use of an epidural saline patch in a 10 year-old child with PDPH who did not respond to conservative treatment.
- Laparoscopy is now a standard technique in pediatric surgery and urology. Unique complications have been reported during port/instrument insertion and dissection, often relating to issues of visibility or working space. Complications during specimen retrieval are currently unreported. We describe our experience of 2 serious complications occurring during attempted retrieval of a specimen through a port site at the end of the laparoscopic procedure.
- Cardiac arrhythmias during central venous catheter (CVC) insertion are typically transient events with no hemodynamic repercussions. Pediatric reports on this condition are scarce and fail to describe potentially life-threatening complications.
- Labia minora adhesions (LMA) are a common finding in young girls. Usually, this condition is asymptomatic and spontaneously disappears during adolescence. We report on a case revealed by infected urocolpos and peritonitis and whose treatment finally required surgical reduction labioplasty.
- Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) has become widely popular since its introduction in the late 1990s by Nuss. We describe 1 unusual complication after MIRPE and 1 life-threatening bleeding during removal of the pectus bar.
- An unusual complication of bowel perforation after unit rod posterior spinal fusion and anterior spine release via a retroperitoneal approach is described. This complication has not been previously described. The pediatric surgical specialist should be aware of this consideration in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain after unit rod posterior spinal fusion.