Double H-type tracheoesophageal fistulas identified and repaired in 1 operationIsolated tracheoesophageal (“H-type”) fistula is a relatively uncommon congenital anomaly that can be difficult to identify and, at times, challenging to repair. We present a very unusual case of an infant with 2 distinct H-type tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEFs) identified and repaired in 1 operation. A newborn male infant presented with coughing with feeds. Contrast esophagram demonstrated an intrathoracic H-type fistula without esophageal atresia. In the operating room, rigid bronchoscopy was performed, and a second TEF was identified in the cervical region.
H-type rectovaginal fistula in a patient with bilateral single ectopic uretersCongenital H-type rectovaginal fistulas and single ectopic bilateral ureters are each rare malformations. We describe a baby girl with a congenital rectovaginal fistula diagnosed 2 years after correction of single ectopic bilateral ureters. To our knowledge, this is the first association of these entities. Repair of fistula was complicated by recurrence, requiring a second procedure. The recommended operation for this anomaly requires separating the suture lines on the vagina and rectum. The practice of simply oversewing and then buttressing the suture lines is probably not sufficient.
Transillumination of H-type tracheoesophageal fistula using flexible miniature bronchoscopy: an innovative technique for operative localizationPrecise localization of the fistula is the most important step in the operative strategy for dealing with H-type tracheoesophageal fistula. Bronchoscopic cannulation of the fistula with a Fogarty or ureteric catheter has been recommended to aid ready identification, but it is not always successful. We report an innovative technique that permitted localization of H-type fistula intraoperatively. A flexible pediatric 2.2-mm bronchoscope (Olympus BF Type N20) was steered through a standard endotracheal tube, and the fistula tract was illuminated, making its identification and subsequent repair straightforward.