Foregut duplication cyst associated with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula: A case report and literature reviewA case of esophageal atresia associated with a foregut duplication cyst is reported and the literature reviewed. This is the first documented occurrence in conjunction with Down syndrome and the second case where both anomalies were treated at the initial surgery.
Novel use of glycopyrrolate (Robinul) in the treatment of anastomotic leak after repair of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistulaAnastomotic leak after tracheoesophageal fistula repair is a well-known complication and can represent a challenging clinical scenario. We present the case of an infant girl with VACTERL syndrome who underwent repair of a type C esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula repair, which was complicated by an anastomotic leak. Glycopyrrolate (Robinul), an anticholinergic agent, was successfully used to decrease copious salivary secretion and promote spontaneous closure of the leak. This report represents the first description in the medical literature of the use of glycopyrrolate in the treatment of an esophageal anastomotic leak.
Tripartite esophagusEsophageal atresia can exhibit many variations as a result of embryological derangements. We present a variation not previously described.
Tracheal agenesis and esophageal atresia with proximal and distal bronchoesophageal fistulasTracheal agenesis (TA) is an extremely rare, typically fatal congenital tracheal malformation. Lack of prenatal symptoms and emergent presentation usually lead to a failure to arrive at the correct diagnosis and manage the airway properly before the onset of irreversible cerebral anoxia. Esophageal atresia (EA) encompasses a group of congenital anomalies comprising an interruption of the continuity of the esophagus with or without a persistent communication with the trachea. In 86% of cases, there is a distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF); in 7%, there is no fistulous connection, whereas in 4%, there is a TEF without atresia.
Feingold syndome: a rare but important cause of syndromic tracheoesophageal fistulaEsophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) are common congenital malformations and are associated with additional anomalies in approximately half of cases. Feingold syndrome is an important genetic cause of syndromic EA-TEF to consider in patients with associated microcephaly and digital anomalies. We present a case report of a male infant with EA-TEF, microcephaly, subtle facial dysmorphism, dysplastic kidney, short fifth fingers, second finger clinodactyly, and increased spacing between the first and second toes bilaterally.
Potential hazards of contrast study diagnosis of esophageal atresiaDelay in the diagnosis of esophageal atresia (EA) is rare. We present a child with EA and distal tracheoesophageal fistula who was diagnosed 9 days from birth after a contrast study performed at the referring hospital. This article aims to highlight the potential hazards of using contrast to diagnose EA.
Triple fistula: management of a double tracheoesophageal fistula with a third H-type proximal fistulaEsophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a relatively common congenital condition in which there have been several described anatomical variants. The most common type, EA with distal TEF, comprises more than 75% of cases in many reports. Less commonly, a smaller proximal pouch fistula (H-type) will be associated with this most common variant in 1.4% of these cases. Only 2% of all cases of EA/TEF will have 2 large fistulas between the trachea and esophagus in which the end of the upper esophageal pouch connects terminally to the midtrachea and the distal esophagus arises from the trachea near the carina.
Congenital laryngeal atresia associated with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula: a case of long-term survivalCongenital laryngeal atresia (LA) is a life-threatening anomaly in which appropriate perinatal management is essential for survival. The authors report a neonate with LA associated with esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) who was successfully resuscitated by emergent tracheostomy. Before birth, the patient had a diagnosis of EA based on the findings of polyhydramnios and absent stomach bubble. Immediately after birth, severe respiratory distress, cyanosis, and sternal retraction were evident.
High-grade congenital esophageal stenosis owing to a membranous diaphragm with tracheoesophageal fistulaGross E–type congenital esophageal atresia associated with congenital esophageal stenosis is extremely rare. In a male infant born at 36 weeks of gestation, bubbly vomiting was noted after birth. X-ray films of the chest and abdomen showed coil-up sign of the nasogastric tube and gas in the stomach and small intestines were recognized, so gross C–type esophageal atresia was suspected and surgery was performed on the first day of life. Surgery revealed the presence of a tracheoesophageal fistula in the upper esophagus and membranous stenosis on the distal side.
Esophageal atresia and severe respiratory failure—cuffed pediatric tracheal tubes as an additional therapeutic option?This article describes the use of a cuffed pediatric endotracheal tube occluding selectively the air leakage resulting from tracheoesophageal fistula in a preterm neonate with esophageal atresia and severe respiratory failure due to respiratory distress syndrome. The gastric distension resolved completely within 4 hours. Surgical correction was performed on the third day of life after respiratory stabilization.