Laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy in children with a duplex collecting system plus obstructed ureteral ectopiaOne of the complex upper urinary tract anomalies is a duplicated collecting system. In cases with a functioning upper moiety, ureteroureterostomy (UU) is the preferred operation to redirect the urine to the normal collecting system. Although open UU is a well-described operation, experience with laparoscopic repair pediatric patients is scarce. We describe the successful application of laparoscopic UU in 2 children and suggest that laparoscopic UU for the duplicated collecting system is a promising minimally invasive procedure.
Laparoscopic excision of a giant ovarian cyst after ultrasound-guided drainageThe laparoscopic approach to giant ovarian cysts in pediatric population may be difficult regarding the risk of cyst rupture and limited working space. We herein report a 16-year-old adolescent girl that presented with a giant ovarian cyst. To reduce the limitations of the laparoscopy, we performed laparoscopy after draining the cyst under ultrasonographic guidance. Under local anesthesia, a nephrostomy catheter was placed into the cyst by the Seldinger technique. During laparoscopy, abdominal cavity was explored by the scope and then the nephrostomy catheter was removed.
Extrahepatic portal hypertension treated by anastomosing inferior mesenteric vein to left portal vein at rex recessusFor the treatment of recurrent bleeding despite sclerotherapy or clinically significant hypersplenism, portosystemic shunt procedures should be performed in cases of extrahepatic portal hypertension caused by extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis. A novel alternative to portosystemic shunt procedures in extrahepatic portal hypertension is mesenterico-left portal bypass. Portal vein thrombosis is bypassed by an autologous vein graft (usually left internal jugular vein) interposed between superior mesenteric vein and left portal vein.