Mechanical occlusion of the inferior vena cava: An early complication after repair of pectus excavatum using the Nuss procedureThe Nuss procedure is the most widely used surgical procedure to correct pectus excavatum. Although it is a minimally invasive approach, a number of major early complications, such as heart perforation, have been reported. We describe a 15-year-old boy in whom acute occlusion of the inferior vena cava developed after a Nuss repair. The diagnosis was confirmed by emergency postoperative CT examination, and treatment consisted of immediate removal of the Nuss bar.
Unusual duplicate bladder exstrophy in a female newborn: a case reportThe authors report a rare variant of exstrophy-epispadias complex, a duplicate bladder with normal bladder communicating with an exstrophic bladder by a fistula, in a girl with no genital malformation except for a duplicated clitoris. This variant could be a hybrid form of duplicate bladder exstrophy and superior vesical fistula. It seems easier to repair and has a better prognosis than classic bladder exstrophy.
Complex communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformation with pancreatic heterotopy depicted with fetal magnetic resonance imaging: a case reportBronchopulmonary foregut malformation (BPFM) is a group of rare congenital anomalies that affect the respiratory and upper gastrointestinal tracts. We report here the first case of prenatal depiction of communicating BPFM, including extrapulmonary sequestration and foregut cyst, both with pancreatic differentiation. Magnetic resonance imaging on the fetus confirmed a polymalformative syndrome with right-lung and gastric cysts and allowed the detection of respiratory and alimentary tracts communication and aberrant feeding vessels.